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Personal and Impersonal Passive

Personal Passive simply means that the object of the active sentence becomes the subject of the passive sentence. So every verb that needs an object (transitive verb) can form a personal passive.

Example: They build houses. – Houses are built.

Verbs without an object (intransitive verb) normally cannot form a personal passive sentence (as there is no object that can become the subject of the passive sentence). If you want to use an intransitive verb in passive voice, you need an impersonal construction – therefore this passive is called Impersonal Passive.

Example: he says – it is said

Impersonal Passive is not as common in English as in some other languages (e.g. German, Latin). In English, Impersonal Passive is only possible with verbs of perception (e. g. say, think, know).

Example: They say that women live longer than men. – It is said that women live longer than men.

Although Impersonal Passive is possible here, Personal Passive is more common.

Example: They say that women live longer than men. – Women are said to live longer than men.

The subject of the subordinate clause (women) goes to the beginning of the sentence; the verb of perception is put into passive voice. The rest of the sentence is added using an infinitive construction with 'to' (certain auxiliary verbs and that are dropped).

Sometimes the term Personal Passive is used in English lessons if the indirect object of an active sentence is to become the subject of the passive sentence.

Exercises

Exercises on Passive (Form)

Exercise on Passive with Simple Present Level 2
Exercise on Passive with Simple Past Level 2
Exercise on Passive with Present Perfect Level 2
Exercise on Passive with Future I Level 2

Exercises on Passive (Active → Passive)

Exercise on Passive with Simple Present Level 2
Exercise on Passive with Simple Past Level 2
Exercise on Passive with Present Perfect Level 2
Exercise on Passive with Future I Level 2
Exercise on Passive with Auxiliary Verbs Level 2
Mixed Exercise on Passive with Passive Level 2 Exercise on Passive with Present Progressive Level 4
Exercise on Passive with Past Progressive Level 4
Exercise on Passive with Past Perfect Level 4
Exercise on Passive with Future II Level 4
Exercise on Passive with Conditional I Level 4
Exercise on Passive with Conditional II Level 4

Exercises on Passive (Active or Passive)

Exercise on Simple Present Level 2
Exercise on Simple Past Level 2
Exercise on Present Perfect Level 2
Exercise on Future I with will Level 2 Summary – The Fellowship of the Ring, part 2, part 3 Level 3

Grammar in Texts

Show Passive Voice in The Canterville Ghost Level 2
Grammar Exercise on Washington, DC Level 2
Show Passive Voice in History of Snowboarding Level 4

Tests on Passiv

Tenses Active and Passive Level 3
Category: Active and passive voice | Added by: Teacher_Koce (2015-11-26)
Views: 742 | Tags: Impersonal Passive, personal
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